Low Blood Pressure

Low blood pressure is given the medical term “Hypotension” (as opposed to hypertension which is high blood pressure). Low blood pressure occurs when the pressure in the blood vessels falls below normal limits. Although different sources have different criteria for low blood pressure, we can assume that anything below 90/60 is low.

It is very difficult to define exactly what constitutes low blood pressure, since everyone is different. One person may suffer symptoms at 90/60 while another is totally fine at blood pressures which theoretically should have them on their back.

If you have no symptoms there is no reason for concern. Only when blood pressure drops below the level required by your body and cells, is there a real problem. When this happens, you get symptoms.

Symptoms of low blood pressure

  • Dizziness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Fainting

Under severe low pressure, symptoms can include chest pains. Also, without the necessary pressure in the blood, the kidneys cannot filter out the toxins in your blood, and there will be an increase in blood levels of urea and creatine.

Causes of Low Blood Pressure

Low blood pressure can have a variety of causes including:

  • Medication, including high blood pressure medicine, and medication for coronary heart disease.
  • Anti-anxiety, and anti-depressant drugs.
  • Diuretics
  • Alcohol
  • Dehydration – common when someone has diarrhea and-or vomiting. It is important to drink plenty of fluids (plain water works best) if you are ill with these.
  • Slow heart beat
  • Inflammation of organs in the body, e.g. acute pancreatitis
  • Heart disease – when the walls of the heart become weakened and can no longer pump with the required force.

Should you consult a doctor?

Yes if:

  • You lose consciousness when you stand up
  • You constantly feel weak, light headed or tired.

Facts on low blood pressure

In younger people, low blood pressure can be a sign of chronic fatigue syndrome.

In older people, low blood pressure can indicate heart disease.

Young women (below 40) may find their blood pressure drops below 90/60 during:

  • pregnancy
  • hot weather
  • dieting

Treatment for Low Blood Pressure

Since any treatment will depend on the cause of your low blood pressure, you must consult your doctor. It may be that some component of your lifestyle has caused the low blood pressure, and simple changes to that can restore your blood pressure to normal.

If you want to buy a blood pressure monitor, I recommend you buy an upper arm cuff monitor like this Omron:

omron blood pressure monitor cuff

Omron Cuff Blood Pressure Monitor on Amazon

About Andy

Andy writes for a number of health related sites but has always been fascinated by alternative medicine and home remedies. His deep interests in nature and the body's innate ability to heal itself (given the right condition) have lead him to a pivotal time in his life - and so, Holistic Home Fitness was born. While it's relatively new at the moment, Andy wants to build this site into a huge reference site for a more holistic approach to health and fitness.