Type II Diabetes is something that often develops in adults, and is treatable
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is the most common form and is sometimes called “non-insulin dependent diabetes” or “adult-onset diabetes”. The cause of type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance or your body just does not produce enough insulin to lower glucose to normal levels.
Treatment of type 2 diabetes
This type of diabetes is often treated by increasing exercise levels, and a carefully planned diet which controls the carbohydrates you eat (careful consideration of the glycemic index of the carbs you eat is important). Insulin may also be required. Sufferers should have a home blood glucose monitor (called a “glucometer”) and check sugar levels during the day (your doctor will tell you when you need to check).
Who is most at risk of developing type 2 diabetes?
Genetics can play a part, and a family history of diabetes is always a concern. Other factors that can increase your chances of developing the disease include:
- Poor diet.
- Over-weight (especially around the mid-sections of your body) or obese.
- Low activity levels.
- People over 45 years old.
- High cholesterol levels.
- High blood pressure.
- Certain races of people have a higher rate of diabetes.
- Women who had gestational diabetes.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
- Increased thirst.
- Excessive urination.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Tingling/loss of feeling in hands and feet.
- blurred vision.
- Increased infections.
- High levels of sugar in the blood and urine.
- Tiredness and fatigue.